The Use Of Contraceptives (Part 4) - Ovulation And Menstruation

The Use Of Contraceptives (Part 4) – Ovulation And Menstruation

The Use Of Contraceptives (Part 4) – Ovulation And Menstruation: So, I asked her “what do you know about ovulation?”

She responded “I can’t really explain it.”

So I told her, “please try, in any way you can.”

So she said “I can’t really say, but I think ovulation is connected with menstruation.”

Then I asked her again, “what is the difference between menstruation and ovulation?”

She responded, “Menstruation is when the egg sheds off.”

. . . Then I knew I have a lot of explaining to do.

I feel we should talk about this in class today following some of the reactions I have gotten so far. Somehow we take this for granted feeling everyone should know. But the truth is that not everyone knows, and the shocking part is that it often comes from people you expect should know.

Let’s get started. What is ovulation? What is menstruation, and how does it happen?

Ovulation is the release of the female egg(s) from the ovaries or the ‘sac’. The egg is very tiny. It is like the size of a pinhead. On the other hand, menses is often talked about as the flow of blood from the vaginal. This is correct in lay man (lay woman) terms.


People often say that it is the egg that was released that flows out as menses after 14 days or so when it is not fertilized. This is wrong.

Ovulation is totally different from menstruation.

Ovulation occurs only one day in every cycle. (A cycle is calculated thus: from the first day of one’s menses to the first day of the next menses). Some cycle can be as short as 19 days. Some can be as long as 50 days. But within every cycle, ovulation happens once. The egg that is release stays for only about 24 hours and it dies if not fertilized.

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This means that a woman is only capable of becoming pregnant only within 24 hours of the day she ovulated. Not later, not before. Take note of that point. It is very important. Meanwhile, we shall still talk about the number of hours or days the sperm is capable of surviving in the vagina. Not today.

The tiny released egg, when it is not fertilized within 24 hours dies. It breaks down and disappears. We don’t really know where it goes. But certainly, it is not the egg that flows out as menses.

So the question is which blood usually comes out of the vaginal as menses in every cycle?

Good question!

Before the egg is released (ovulation), the uterus prepares for a place where it will keep the egg if it eventually gets fertilized. So, it builds what we may call a “nest” or if you like, a biological cradle to hold the pre-natal child. It does this by thickening its lining.

When the egg is released and not fertilized, it dies that day it was released and disappears. Now, the nest built in expectation for pregnancy is no longer needed, so it begins to break down. It takes roughly two weeks for this break down to be completed. It is this broken down nest that leaves the body as menses.

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Later in this class, we shall also discover that some of the so called contraceptives do not really prevent pregnancy i.e conception. Most of them act as abortifacient, which is: causing an early abortion by interfering with the lining of the uterus (the nest or the cradle) so that it cannot nourish the baby and therefore the baby dies.

So, the bleeding that some women who take contraceptive pills usually see every month is usually caused by the pills and not real menses.

Okay, let us leave it like this for today. See you tomorrow!

Thanks for coming to class today. I love you all! Class rep is taking note of all the active members.


The Use Of Contraceptives (Part 4)

Read part 5 of this series here

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1 Comment

governor fidel · May 5, 2019 at 1:32 pm

ok nah……testing my ccommnting skills

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